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Photo by Anne Lutgerink
The Netherlands is among the twenty largest economies in the world and a leading global knowledge economy. Holland has a longstanding history of invention, exploration and trading. In times of global, social and economic challenges, the Dutch continue to find ways to grow innovation and entrepreneurship.

In order to remain a leader in solving global challenges, the country focuses on nine key sectors. 


1. Agriculture and food

Holland is one of the world's largest exporters of agricultural and food products, thanks to its innovative agri-food technology.

2. Creative industries

The Dutch creative industry is currently gaining considerable international acclaim and has a particularly strong reputation in interior design, gaming, fashion, and architecture. Creative companies develop exciting new ideas, products, services, systems, strategies and work methods. Creative companies look at complex issues and social issues in new and refreshing ways. This allows them to come up with high-quality innovations of  products and services.Embracing risks and unpredictable outcomes

The Dutch Creative Industry, rather than seeking safety, embraces risks, in creative processes that lead to unpredictable outcomes. 

3. Chemical industry

Holland is a leading European supplier of chemical products and services. Important raw materials are available or easy to supply. An extensive transportation network gives access to Europe and beyond.

4. Energy

The Netherlands has a strong reputation in the areas of renewable energy, energy efficiency, wind energy at sea, biomass processing and greenhouse farming. The energy sector makes a substantial contribution to the Dutch economy. The government has adopted a modern policy aimed at exploiting economic opportunities for both green and grey energy.

5. High tech systems and materials

High tech industries in the Netherlands are among the most innovative in the world, thanks to state-of-the-art facilities and cutting-edge research and development. Dutch technological know-how and products are much sought-after and are exported worldwide.

6. Horticulture

The Dutch horticultural sector is a global trendsetter and leading innovator in greenhouse technology. Holland is is the undisputed international market leader in flowers, plants, bulbs and reproductive material and the number three exporter in nutritional horticulture products.

7. Life sciences & health

The average life expectancy of people in the Netherlands is about 81 years. Research shows the Netherlands has the tallest people and happiest children in the world. Our 150-year-old healthcare system is accessible for everyone. With strong links between industry and academia, focused clusters, and strong chains linking research to product and business creation, the Dutch Life Sciences & Health sector competes on a global scale.

8. Logistics

The transportation of goods around the globe continues toincrease, in terms of volume and distance. Holland plays a key role in the global market thanks to its well-structured logistics.

9. Water

The Netherlands is a world leader in water management. Over the decades, the Dutch have perfected the art of flood protection and water supply and treatment. As maritime engineers, we also excel in shipbuilding, from utility vessels to super yachts. Holland is a major supplier of sustainable systems for the water production and supply and for the collection, treatment and partial reintroduction into the system of "used" water. Platforms such as the Netherlands Water Partnership (NWP) promote international cooperation and the sector is strongly focused on exports and innovation.